Archive for October 1st, 2021

1st October
written by Tellus

Kate`s patronage for High Street is undoubtedly partly to blame. Opponents have long agreed that patronage is acceptable at the highest levels of government. Presidents, governors and mayors have the right to elect their heads of cabinet and department. However, history shows that patronage systems, which extend widely in the chain of organization, are vulnerable to inefficiency and corruption. The President of the Republic has a military budget and the Minister a cabinet, both mainly occupied with matters of promotion, sponsorship and decoration. In 1691, in an attempt to compromise Halifax, he discredited himself through the aegis of an informant named Fuller, who soon turned out to be a crook. Large-scale patronage systems continued to decline in the twentieth century. During the Progressive Era (1900-1920), “good government” reformers overthrew installed political machines and public service systems. Chicago, under the leadership of Mayor Richard J. Daley, remained the last bastion of patronage and existed in its purest form until the late 1970s. Take 20 or you lose my patronage and those of all my friends.

Patronage has its defenders. It is a way to maintain a strong political organization by offering rewards to campaign staff. More importantly, patronage brings to government people who agree with the political agenda of the winner. Cooperation, loyalty and trust come from this agreement. Finally, patronage guarantees a certain turnover and brings new people and ideas into the system. Two toatoms became famous thanks to the investigations they were able to conduct under the aegis of the enlightened ruler. Instead, patronage networks developed on the basis of proximity to power, military power, and wealth. The patronage system flourished in the U.S. federal government until 1883. In 1820, Congress limited federal administrators to four terms, which led to constant rotation.

In the 1860s and during the Civil War, patronage had led to widespread political inefficiency and corruption. Where patronage was once limited to cabinet, department heads, and foreign ambassadorial posts, in the 1860s weak government positions were under patronage. The loss of a presidential election by a political party signaled significant turnover within the federal government. . . .