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15th September
written by Tellus

For example, a recent UN report on the eve of the Bonn Climate Change Conference (COP23) showed that every effort must be made to promote compliance. The report concludes that there is an urgent need for governments and businesses to increase their ambitions to ensure that the goals of the Paris Agreement continue to be achieved. Following the analysis of the new firm`s decision agreement (website in Dutch) at the end of October, the Dutch Environmental Assessment Authority (PBL) concluded that the Netherlands also needed to do much more. The PBL advises the Dutch government on all environmental and climate issues. It appears that not only has the 2030 target fallen by a quarter of a percentage point, but that half of the new greenhouse gas emissions reduction target has been met, due to the climate action taken in the Rutte III coalition agreement. Finally, a country can form an independent body in which the government should itself be held accountable and which the government controls. Sweden, for example, is taking the first steps in this direction in its climate policy framework. The establishment of such a body can also help to prevent political changes and changes in public opinion from undermining compliance with international climate agreements. A first way to ensure that countries comply with the Paris Agreement depends on whether compliance with the climate agreement will become the norm. Countries do not want to lose face or be abandoned, and they will work harder to do their best if others who respect them do the same. Only a limited number of countries will ignore being called and shamed at the international level, and still others will want to show moral leadership.

Compliance is indeed an issue. As soon as the agreement was signed, doubts arose about the possibility of keeping countries in the Paris Agreement. . . .

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