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19th September
written by Tellus

An Association Agreement providing for a privileged economic, commercial, technological and research status between the parties entered into force in 2000 following a cooperation agreement in 1975. These include measures to create a free trade area for industrial goods and to liberalize trade in agricultural goods, services and capital movements. The agreement also laid the foundations for cultural, scientific and political cooperation. A 2001 European Commission opinion confirmed the lack of preferential status for these products, which provoked furious reactions from Israel, although the economic importance of Israeli products established in the territories is very limited (€100 million per year out of a total of €6 billion per year). Unlike the EU, the United States, under its 1985 free trade agreement, will admit duty-free goods exported out of territories. [6] Israel participates multilaterally in the Barcelona Process of 1995 (Euro-Mediterranean Partnership) and the Union for the Mediterranean which followed in 2008 and since 2003 in the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). Israel was the first non-European country to be associated with the European Union`s Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (RTD). Israel`s special status is the result of its high scientific and research capabilities and the dense network of long-standing relations in scientific and technical cooperation between Israel and the EU. In July 2004, the European Commission signed an agreement with Israel to participate in the EU`s Galileo project for a global navigation satellite system. From 2014, Israel was a member of the European scientific organization CERN and became the only non-European member.

The Court concluded that the EC-Israel Agreement should not be interpreted in such a way as to compel the Palestinian authorities to waive their right to exercise the competence conferred on them by the EC-PLO Agreement and, in particular, to refrain from issuing customs documents proving the origin of goods manufactured in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. It follows that goods originating in the West Bank do not fall within the geographical scope of the EC-Israel Agreement and therefore cannot benefit from preferential treatment under that agreement. [7] [8] [9] The legal framework for relations between the European Union and Israel is the EU-Israel “Association Agreement” signed in Brussels on 20 November 1995 [548 KB], which entered into force on 1 June 2000 following ratification by the parliaments of the fifteen Member States, the European Parliament and the Knesset. . . .

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